This article will explain how to plan bell peppers and answer the question “What is the average lifespan of a bell pepper plant?”

What is the average lifespan of a bell pepper plant?

The bell pepper’s life expectancy varies depending on the growth conditions, cultivar, location, weather, and zone. Bell peppers usually last a few years.

With proper care, the right nutrients, and consistent warm temperatures, bell peppers can live much longer than the customary 1-3 years.

Wild bell peppers have a far longer lifespan than their domesticated cousins, with a lifespan of decades. The table below shows the five most common bell pepper varieties, as well as their typical life.

Capsicum annuum

Capsicum annum is best grown as an annual because it has the shortest life expectancy of all the bell pepper cultivars. If grown in a tropical area, this variety will become perennial.

Sweet/Italian peppers, Cayenne, Paprika, Hatch Chile Peppers, NuMex Twilight Peppers, and the fast-growing Jalapeos are just a few examples. Each year, establish new plants to ensure the greatest and freshest yield.

Capsicum baccatum

This type can be harvested all year long with proper care and the suitable conditions. It contains Aj Amarillo, Aj Limón, and other South American variations.

Capsicum chinense

Habaneros, Scotch Bonnets, Trinidad Scorpions, Bhut Jolokia Ghost Peppers, Carolina Reaper, and the new Dragon’s Breath Pepper are among the hottest peppers in this category.

Capsicum frutescens

This cultivar, which is mostly grown in India, produces the most peppers during the first year of growth and contains Tabasco Peppers, Malaguetas, and Thai Hot.

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Capsicum pubescens

Rocoto and Manzano peppers, which have the highest life expectancy, are included in this type. Rocotos have been discovered to live for up to 15 years. Rocotos thrive in significant temperature swings from day to night.

How do you grow bell peppers?

Seeds are started indoors two months before the last frost date in the spring. This is dependent on the hardiness zone. To grow bell peppers correctly, follow the steps below.

Start seeds indoors first: This is especially crucial if the weather outside isn’t conducive to pepper growth.

Plant the seed in a quarter-inch deep hole dug into the soil. Sprinkle some water on the plants and make sure they get enough sunlight. Maintain a minimum temperature of 70°F by placing a heating pad beside the planting tray.

Harden off your plant: Seeds that have sprouted and are ready to be planted outside are 1-3 weeks old. To avoid transplant shock, which is prevalent in bell pepper plants, gradually acclimate them to the outdoor environment 10 days prior to the transfer.

Allow the seedlings to be exposed to the elements while gradually increasing the daily dose.

Before transplanting the bell peppers outside, the soil temperature in your garden should be 65°F, with a nighttime temperature of at least 60°F. Plant the seedlings 18-24 inches apart in a well-draining soil.

Planting and caring for bell peppers

Enough sunlight should be available.

Bell peppers grow best in direct sunlight. Sun-scalded fruits and foliage can occur when temperatures are too high. Although sun-scalded fruits seem unsightly, they are safe to consume. Every day, give your growing bell pepper plants 6-8 hours of sun.

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Make sure you have enough water.

Watering from above can deprive the plant of the moisture it requires to grow a robust root system. Anthracnose and blossom end rot are more likely to affect such plants.

As a result, water the plants well into the soil. Watering frequency is determined by how hot the summers are in your area. In the event of extremely hot summers, you may need to water on a daily basis.

Choose the ideal soil

Bell peppers grow best in sandy to loamy soil. You can buy potting mix or manufacture your own by mixing each nutrient separately.

If you fertilize your plant too much, it will produce more foliage rather than fruit. Because sandy or loamy soil drains swiftly, the temperature of the soil rises quickly.

The optimal soil ph is somewhat acidic, ranging between 6.0 and 6.8. Adding crushed eggshells to the soil can help prevent blossom end rot, which is caused by a calcium deficit.


Staking is not required, but it greatly lowers insect attacks and prevents sunscalding. Staking helps keep the bell peppers’ fruiting canopy upright.


This article addressed the subject of “How long do bell pepper plants live?” as well as “How do bell pepper plants grow?”


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