The idea of setting up a fish tank is centered on establishing a healthy environment for your fishes.

Therefore, to set up a fish tank, there are some products you have to give your fishes the best environment.

Starting a fish tank for beginners Guides

1. Remove the tank or aquarium from the box

First and foremost, you must carefully remove your tank or aquarium from its box and then place it in the safest spot. At this stage, you are to build your stand; that is, if you require one. Add your aquarium background. That is if you have gotten one. If you got a tank or aquarium that comes with a light, make sure that it is in perfect working condition. You can do this by plugging it in and then turning it on. Now wipe the inside of the tank with a clean piece of rag to ensure it is free from dust.

2. Position your tank or aquarium

This is the second step that should be taken when setting up a fish tank. This step should only be accepted once you have successfully built your stand and added your background. You are to place your tank or aquarium in your desired spot carefully.

Just make sure that your chosen site is the safest spot so that it will be a lot easier when it is full of water.

Note: A small change in temperature (high or low) can cause undue stress to the fish, thereby putting it at significant risk. Therefore, it is advisable not to put it near heaters, air conditioners, or even windows as this could lead to a change in temperature due to the extra lightning, cold and warm breezes coming out of them.

3. Rinse all ornaments and gravel

This is the third step that should be taken when setting up a fish tank. You are to rinse all the ornaments and gravel you have purchased thoroughly using hot clean water that is, of course, free of soaps and any other chemicals. This is done to be sure that they are spotless and are free from dust and paint. Now once you have done that, carefully place them in the tank. Add the gravel slowly to make sure that it does not hit the bottom of the tank in a way that could cause undue damage.

Note: I recommend using a strainer to rinse your gravel as this will make the process a lot easier.

4. Fill your tank

The next step is to fill the tank with tap water. This step should be carried out slowly, not to cause any cloudiness from your gravel. You are free to use a hose to carry out this step.

Note: A unique way to minimize cloudiness is by placing a small plate in the bottom of the tank, and then pour in the water into the tank over the container slowly.

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5. Turn on the filter

This is the fifth step to be taken when setting up a fish tank. At this stage, you are to switch on all the electrical equipment associated with the tank.

Note: You are advised not to switch on the electrical types of equipment before you get to this stage, as this could cause undue damage to the electrical equipment. You are only permitted to leave your light on for nothing more than 8 hours per day. Turning it on for more extended periods may promote algae growth. Therefore, you can turn off the lights now if you wish.

6. Add in treatments

Yes! The sixth step requires you to add all the necessary treatments. But before you do that, you are advised to read all instructions on the treatment bottles. This is done to make sure that you are adding the right dosage to your tank. Add in all the required treatments at this stage. Add in water conditioner and a biofilter product to create good bacterias.

Note: You are to follow the instructions written on the treatment bottle strictly. Adding below or above the required treatment could cause damages.

 7. Allow the tank cycle

You will allow the tank to cycle to help create a healthy biological filter before adding in your fish. Tank cycling may take up to a month. To begin the cycle, you are to add a pinch of fish food to the water, as this will break down into ammonia, thereby giving room to products promoting bacteria.

Note: developing a healthy environment for the fish will decrease the tank’s chance from a toxic form of ammonia and nitrites known as new tank syndrome.

After adding all the required ingredients and completing the cycling, you should bring a sample of your tank water to any pet stock store for water testing. This is done to ensure that the PH, ammonia, GH, and other tank water levels are optimal. If you get a positive result, this means that you now have the go-ahead to purchase some new fishes if you haven’t gotten any yet.

Note: I recommend you start with a small amount of fish while the tank is still establishing. This is so because adding a small amount of fish, to begin with, allows the bacteria to continue to work effectively. Then, as the week goes by, gradually add more fish to the tank.

8. Keep testing your water

You are advised not to stop testing your water. This is so because once you have added fish to your new tank, the added waste fish produce could cause more ammonia to reappear. You are thereby causing the beneficial bacteria to consume ammonia. This is why keeping a close watch on the tank is essential as there is a greater chance of noticing any necessary changes.

How to set up a fish tank filter

Having a fish tank or aquarium is very good. If you have a fish tank or aquarium at home, it is crucial to install a filter to keep the water clean and fresh and keep the fishes healthy. The procedures for setting up a fish tank or aquarium filter is straightforward for anybody to carry out, be it a new filter or the existing one you just washed. All you need to do is to follow the procedures as outlined below:

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1. Set up the filter parts. This is done to enable you to put them together correctly.

2. Grab the holding tank in one hand and attach the inflow tube into the tank’s interior. Please pay close attention to it to ensure that it is set in the right place.

3. Now join the J-tube firmly into the inflow tube.

4. Join the tubing with the cap into the bottom of the J-tube.

5. Put in the smaller filter (that is the washable one) into the holding tank next to the tubing.

6. Put in the filter cartridge into the back of the holding tank.

7. Fill the holding tank with cold water until it is ¾ full.

8. Join the filter holding tank at the backside of the aquarium.

9. Fill the holding tank with water until water starts spilling into the aquarium tank.

10. Plug in the cord of the aquarium filter into an electrical outlet to start it running. Put the cover on top of the holding tank to close.

Functions of the fish tank filter

In this section of the article, I will like to further your knowledge of why the fish tank filter is essential, and of course, the function it performs.

The functions of the fish tank filter are categorized into three major classifications:

1. The biological function

When fish breathe, they tend to produce ammonia from their gills. The ammonia, which is part of the waste products released from their bodies, needs to be removed from the tank from time to time as it could harm the fish. This, however, requires the use of a filtration system. Using a filtration system will help eliminate fishes’ waste from the tank, thereby making the environment more conducive.

2. The mechanical function

Having debris in a fish tank is very common, as this is caused by the excess food fed to the fish plus other dust particles from the room. Using the mechanical process of a fish tank filter is meant to remove the debris and any other visible waste from the tank. Once you have purified the water, the tank’s water becomes clean, clear and conducive for the fish. Keeping the fish in a clean, clear, and conducive water promotes the fish’s good health.

3. The chemical function

There are various sources of obtaining water. Not all sources are fit for consumption, as some might contain hard materials or other materials that might be harmful to the fish. This, however, requires the use of a filtration system. The use of filtration helps to remove such materials from the water. Once the harmful materials are removed, the fish will be surrounded by clean water in which they will be able to thrive.

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How to set up a fishbowl

Setting up a fishbowl is the next thing that comes to mind when you do not have a large space for an aquarium. Fishbowls are very small and easy to maintain. They help to add a bright and decorative sense to your house. Now, unlike an aquarium, a fishbowl does not require you to have a filter. All you need is a water conditioner to help remove harmful substances that can contaminate the water. Treating water from time to time is very necessary when you want to set up a fishbowl. Fishbowls look more attractive when you decorate them with gravels, marbles, and stones. You can as well use plastic plants as decorations as live plants cannot survive in fish bowls. Follow the instructions as outlined below:

Guideline instructions:

1. Wash your fishbowl with warm water and non-iodized salt.

Note: Do not be tempted to use bleach or soap as they could cause damages.

2. Wash the gravels and other decorations you have purchased to remove dust.

3. Place the gravel in the bowl to a depth of about 1 inch of gravel per gallon of water.

4. Add room temperature water and the proper amount of conditioner.

Note: Allow the bowl stand for an hour before adding the fish.


1. Do not keep your fishbowl in direct sunlight, as this can cause it to overheat quickly.

2. Do not buy too many fish and do not buy fishes that are too large for your fishbowl.

3. You are to change the water in the bowl no less than once in a week and sometimes more often. Water must be crystal clear at all times.

4. If the water becomes hazy or slightly off-color or you notice some waste accumulating at the bottom of the bowl, it is time for a change. To change the water, net your fish gently into a clean plastic bucket that already contains conditioned room temperature water. Wash the bowl, a well as the gravel and decorations in warm water with a little salt. Do not use soap or bleach. Now carefully replace the gravel and decorations. Add the room temperature and conditioned water to the newly cleaned bowl and then replace the fish.

5. Feed the fishes at least twice a day. Feed them with the right amount of what they will eat only.

Excess food could damage as they tend to foul the water, increasing the need for constant changes.


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