Setting up a betta fish tank or aquarium gives your home a fun and decorative look. But before you can set up a betta fish tank, it is necessary to get all the required items. All the items can be bought online or at any pet store close to you.
1. The aquarium
The size of the aquarium matters a lot. Unlike other fishes, betta fish cannot survive in tiny containers. A bigger aquarium gives your betta fish the freedom to swim around and explore its environment. Not only that, but a bigger aquarium also help to keep the water clean for a longer period. This means that you only get to change the water on rare occasions (at a one or two weeks interval). Simultaneously, a tiny gallon may require you to change the water at least twice a day. Therefore, there is the need to purchase a 5-gallon tank for a starter.
Note: Betta fish are quite aggressive towards their species. Therefore, you should house the male and the female species separately.
2. The equipment
(I) Aquarium hood or lid: Betta fish like to jump out of the water. Therefore, it is important to get an aquarium hood or lid to prevent them from escaping.
(II) Aquarium light: Getting an aquarium light is very necessary to view the bettas at any time of the day.
(IV) Heater: Betta fish are tropical fish; hence, they tend to feel more comfortable temperatures between 78 to 82 degrees Fahrenheit. Therefore, you must purchase the appropriate size heater for the tank.
3. The decorations
Decorating your aquarium gives it a fun and attractive look. It also makes your Bettas want to explore and have fun. You can use gravels, marbles, or sand to cover the bottom of the tank. Other ornaments, such as plastic plants, can also be used.
4. Other supplies
Be sure to purchase a de-chlorinator to help remove toxic chlorine from the water. Do an aquarium water test to be sure your aquarium is ready. Purchase good staple foods such as freeze-dried bloodworms and betta pellets for your bettas.
Note that if the nitrate and ammonia levels rise above 0 ppm or nitrate levels rise above 40 ppm, it simply means that it is time to change the water.
How to set up a betta fish tank
After purchasing all the required equipment, it is time to put your aquarium together. Below is a step by step instructions on how to assemble your aquarium:
1. Choose a good location
Choosing a good location for your aquarium is very important. You must make sure that the aquarium is positioned very close to an electrical outline for the light and a good water source for easy maintenance.
The aquarium should not be exposed to direct sunlight or areas close to appliances like the air conditioner and heating unit. This is to minimize algae growth and change in temperature. Finally, do not forget that since your aquarium is made of glass, you will select the safest spot for the tank. Be sure to select a spot where it cannot get hit or crashed into, so it does not cause a mess in the house.
2. Use a good aquarium stand.
You are already aware that fish tanks are usually very heavy, most especially when they are filled with decorations, water, and other supplies. Therefore, you must ensure it is resting on a flat surface that can provide the best support for its weight. Also, make sure that the stand is somewhat water-resistant so that it does not warp.
3. Wash the supplies thoroughly.
You must wash the supplies you purchased from the market thoroughly before using them. Using warm water is advised to help remove any form of dust and debris. Do not be tempted to use soap, starch, or any other cleaning detergents as they might cause harm to the fish.
4. Install the supplies.
It is now time for you to design the interior of the aquarium to your taste. Install the aquarium (do not plug them yet) and arrange the decorations around them as you please. Place some of the ornaments in front of the filter to cover it and reduce the water flow since bettas do not like the fast current.
5. Add the water.
The tank with clean water and add de-chlorinator to it. This is done to remove chlorine and other forms of toxic chemicals that could pose a threat to the bettas’ lives. You can then plug in the filter.
Note: some heaters might require you to wait for at least 30 minutes before turning them on. It is, therefore, important that you read the instructional manual provided for the equipment used.
6. Add your betta fish
This is the final stage in setting up a betta fish tank. Add in the bettas to the tank. And if you only purchased one betta fish, then there is no need to use any preventative medications as most bettas purchased from pet stores have lived in isolation all their lives. Just float your betta’s container in the aquarium for nothing less than 20 minutes to allow the bag’s temperature to correspond with the temperature in the tank. Drain the fish store water using a net, then put your betta fish into its new home.
How long do betta fish live?
Giving your bettas the best environment is very important as that will play a major role in prolonging their lifespan. However, the average lifespan of a domesticated betta fish is 2-3 years. However, this does not mean that the life span cannot be prolonged. If your bettas are provided with the best possible treatment and are given a nice environment, they could stay up to 6 years. Ten years’ lifespan is also achievable.
Note: Some pet stores sell adult bettas. Ask how old the fish is to ensure you have your fish for the longest time possible or better still, get a very young betta from a breeder instead.
In some cases, betta fish live for three years. This is because the living conditions and nutrition are not always perfect.
Having a betta fish as a pet comes with a lot of advantages. One of the advantages is that bettas can be kept in a small tank (not so small, though). However, it also has a few disadvantages. One of these is that the fish’s toxic waste contaminates the water in the betta’s tank faster. Therefore, you should clean your tank regularly. You are to remove 10 to 15 percent of the water every week and then replace it with fresh, clean, and conditioned water.
Note: female betta fish tend to live longer than the male betta fish (the difference is roughly about a few months). Although many people would rather have male bettas because they are much more beautiful, colorful, and have fancier fins.
How long you want your betta fish to live depends on you. If you want your betta fish to live long, then you should be ready to feed it with bloodworms, as well as brine shrimp and other specially marked foods for bettas.
Note: betta fish tend to select food. They tend just to eat it. Therefore, it is advisable to study your bettas to know which food they enjoy and which food they do not. Remember, overfeeding your bettas can be as bad as underfeeding them. Give them nothing more or less than a few pellets once a day. You can also divide the pellets in two (that is once in the morning and once at night). You can leave a day out of the feeding routine once a week, which reduces the risk of constipation.
How long your bettas will live also depends on the water temperature in the aquarium. A change in temperature can cause harm to your bettas.
Therefore, you must make sure the water temperature is between 75 and 79°F. Get a good aquarium heater and a good and reliable tank thermometer to keep track of the temperature.
Note: I recommend you use a 25-watt heater.
If you choose to use a small tank for your bettas, I strictly advise you not to use a heater. Using a tank heater in a small tank is very risky as it can lead to a rapid increase in the water temperature, which is not good for the fish. An increase in the water temperature is almost the same as cooking the fish.
This is a major reason why using a small tank is not advisable.
In essence, take proper care of your bettas. Follow all the instructions to the latter, and you will enjoy its company for several years!
How long do betta fish sleep
If you are new to keeping bettas, I’m sure you must be wondering if your bettas sleep since they spend all their time floating. Yes. Betta fish do sleep. All fishes do sleep.
Whenever you pay close attention to your tank for a long period, you will notice that there are times when your bettas become motionless. During these times, its gills will still be moving, but the rest of his body will be still. These are the times when your bettas are fast asleep.
The report also shows that betta fish appears to lose some of their colors when they are asleep.
Although it has not been scientifically proven, it would be interesting to keep a close watch on it to see if the report is true.
Note: Bettas do not have eyelids. Therefore, you do not need to look at its eyes with the hope of telling they’re asleep because their eyes are always going to be open even if they are fast asleep.
Betta fish also sleep sideways but not for too long.
Therefore, if your betta is lying on it’s side for too long, this could be a danger sign. For instance, bettas tend to sleep sideways for a long time when he’s suffering from swim bladder disease, which gives it trouble staying upright.
Betta fish could also sleep at the bottom of the tank.
This is not yet a major problem. But it could be an indication that there is a major problem. There are various reasons why bettas sleep at the bottom of the tank.
(I) The filter current might be too strong
(II) The water might be too hot or too cold
(III) It might be sick
(IV) It might be old
(V) It might be getting bored.
These two reasons are, of course, an indication that there is a major problem. Hence, there is a need to address the situation speedily.
It can be a bit hard to tell you specifically that this is the exact time and number of times your betta should sleep for. This is because all bettas are completely different. But generally, the rule is that if your betta is asleep at night and is active all day long, then that is a good amount of time for it to rest.
However, if you pay close attention to your bettas and notice that they are mostly inactive, especially during the day, this could indicate that something is wrong.
In conclusion, there is no available amount of time for bettas to sleep. However, you can tell if your betta is healthy when it is most active during the day and motionless (asleep) at night.