Angelfish make an excellent choice for home aquarists. This is because they have a beautiful appearance, graceful movement skills and also the fact that new varieties are available from time to time. If you sit down to take a closer look at the fish, you will discover that they truly deserve the name they were given. There is nothing as beautiful as the sight of an angelfish in a tank with lighting casting a glow on their bodies. Indeed, it is evident from the look that the fish is more than gorgeous. Hence, watching it is fascinating.

According to research, angelfish belong to the Cichlidae family. Although, unlike other cichlids, angelfish are not aggressive. On the contrary, they are fun-loving and are very peaceful. Angelfish are laterally compressed, with round bodies and elongated triangular dorsal and anal fins. This structure makes it easy for anyone to identify them.

So unique is the structure that allows them to move and hide easily among plants and roots. Angelfish tend to prey on invertebrates and tiny fish that stalk in the plants. They can be quickly taken care of, and they tend to live up to 10 years if they are provided with the best possible environment.

How to set up an emperor angelfish tank

The first step to being taken before having a collection of angelfish family is setting up a tank.

Setting up an angelfish tank is very necessary for the overall health of the fish. The procedures for setting up an angelfish tank is straightforward. Therefore, even if you are trying it out for the first time, you do not need to worry. Now below are the step by step procedures on how to set up an angelfish tank:

First, you must choose a good location for your aquarium. Choosing a good location for your aquarium is very important. You must make sure that the aquarium is positioned very close to an electrical outline for the light and a good water source for easy maintenance. The aquarium should not be exposed to direct sunlight or areas close to appliances like air conditioner and heating unit. This is to minimize algae growth and change in temperature.

Second, you should get a fish tank stand. This is meant to provide support to the fish tank or aquarium. The fish tank stand must be flat.

Third, you are to level the aquarium or fish tank using a foam. This is to prevent surface irregularities.

Forth, you are to assemble and attach the filter, air stones, decors and outside filter with water supplements and thermometer. Note that decors must not be sharp objects as they could harm the fish.

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Fifth, you are to check the pH level to ensure that the tank is in perfect working condition.

Next, you are to add the angelfish when the tank is seasoned for a month. You can as well add other non-violent species of fish as tank mates.

Finally, you are to use a safe aquarium sealant. The fish tank should be assembled with a safe aquarium sealant to ensure that no harmful chemicals leech into the tank.

Angelfish tank size

Angelfish tend to survive and live longer in tall aquariums with a capacity of nothing less than 20 gallons. This is so because of their shape. However, if you want to keep more than one in your aquarium, it is advisable to use an aquarium that is 55 gallons or more prominent. Purchasing a bigger tank for your angelfish is also crucial because it provides it with more space, thereby offering your angelfish a better feeling of security and also giving breeding parents enough time to hatch their young.

Angelfish temperature celsius

Angelfish tend to survive when kept in a warm aquarium with a temperature that cannot rise above 78° to 80° F. Although angelfish are originally from slightly acidic sift waters, they are quite adaptable to waters of various hardness and pH levels. Your choice of decorations is also crucial. It is important to note that your tank decorations should only consist of smooth rocks such as gravels, marbles, or wood. You can use plastic plants and roots or broadleaf aquatic plants as they allow them a beautiful natural surface on which they can lay their eggs. Other perfect choices of decorations for your angelfish tank include Java fern, Java moss and so on. Sharp objects are strictly not allowed as they could harm the fish.

What do angelfish eat?

Angelfish tend to grow healthier and more prominent when they are adequately fed. But what do angelfish eat anyway? They can be fed with a combination of live, flake and frozen foods such as mosquito larvae, brine shrimp and bloodworms.

However, it is essential to note that angelfish are gluttons as they gorge themselves on food. Therefore, you should stick with a strict feeding schedule to prevent your angelfish from looking too big and out of shape. Overfeeding your angelfish could result in water pollution and health issues.

You should also be careful about when you want to choose a tank mate for your angelfish. Angelfish are generally peaceful (but they can be aggressive eaters); hence, you must make sure that you choose a non-aggressive specie that will not nip at their large fins. The best choice is to stock your tank with some Cory catfish or better still, just stock your tank with either one or several

varieties of angelfish

Angelfish tend to fall sick most, especially when they are not adequately taken care of. It is more advisable to concentrate on keeping them away from disease infections than on diagnosing and treating illness. You can lower the chance of disease by changing the water frequently and keeping the aquarium environment better. Always carry out sanitary measures on new specimens before adding them to your established tanks. This is to prevent the spread of contagious plagues should incase any of the new specimens are infected.

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Among other things, angelfish are very sensitive to low water quality. They tend to respond to large, frequent water changes. Most commercial breeders make up to 50% charges per day on their tanks, and this is due to this simple water changing maintenance


Ich is the most common aquarium fish illness. It is usually treated with commercially available preparations. Therefore, I highly recommend that you keep ich medication on hand though hopefully, you won’t need it.

How big do angelfish get

When you breed your angelfish in a good environment and feed them with the right amount of food, it can get up to 12 inches tall and 10 inches long in the wild. It will get a lot of space to swim around, and it will also get some natural foods that tend to contribute to its more immense growth.

Although, angelfish tend to get up to 6 to 8 inches tall when put in an aquarium. And when properly taken care of, they are provided with a lot of space to swim ( let’s say 55-gallon tank). It is vital to change the water from time to time and also provide good quality food. If you do all of these at the right time, then it may grow up to 10 inches tall (though, getting to this height is very rare).

How long do angelfish live

If you take proper care of your angelfish tank, then you can rest assured that your angelfish can live up to 10 years and at most 12 years in your aquarium.

Angelfish is unique. It reaches adulthood in roughly about one and a half years. Therefore, you should worry less as it does not take a decade to reach its full size. However, if you are setting up your very first fish tank, you should get least a 29-gallon tank as this will help provide your angelfish with a lot of space for it to move freely.

There are also other benefits of having a large fish tank. One of it is that you do not need a frequent water change if you are breeding just a few angelfish.

Angelfish Breeding

Angelfish eggs are generally laid on a vertical surface. It could either be on the flat-leaf (used for the decor), on a piece of wood or even on the aquarium glass. Therefore, most breeders provide a spawning location such as a ceramic cone, a vertical piece of a plastic pipe or a piece of slate. The parents tend the egg, and when they hatch, the parents hang their fry on the vertical surface until they can swim on their own. Some angelfish breeders that are highly experienced in the field claim to have the ability to distinguish between the male from the female by mere taking a close look at them. However, this has not been proven yet. It is only during the spawning process that one can distinguish between the male and the female. This is so because when spawning, the female tends to have a thick, blunt breeding tube while the male has a thin, more pointed breeding tube.

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How often do angelfish lay eggs?

Getting a compatible pair for your angelfish is very necessary. The best way to achieve that is by starting with six or more fish and then breeding them till they pair off. Most times, you will notice when a pair has spawned and keeps all the other fish in the tank at the far end from the spawning location to prevent them from going near the eggs.

If you pay close attention, you will be able to spot pairs even before they spawn, with the two fish staying close together, and sometimes, chasing off other fish and consistently hanging out in the same area of the tank.

Generally, angelfish reaches sexual maturity when they are around six and twelve months. This simply means that they can spawn every 7 to 10 days if the eggs are removed. You will notice that when a pair is ready to spawn, they become closer. They also choose a location, and then they clean the area on their own. At this point, the female one will then deposit the eggs while the male one fertilizes them.

They repeat this process until the spawn (most times several hundred eggs) is complete.

Ideally, both parents take turns in maintaining a high rate of water circulation around the eggs. They do this by fanning them with their fins and mouthing them to remove dirt or infertile eggs. After a few days, the eggs tend to hatch, and the fry remains attached to whatever surface they are moved to.

After a week or thereabout, they become free-swimming, and they can take newly hatched brine shrimp, bloodworms, and other similar-sized foods.

Filteration system

The best filtration system uses a sponge filter that will aid the provision of gentle water circulation. This is so because the sponge filter does not get stuck in the tank the way most filters can. However, it is essential to note that water quality is more critical in the breeding tank. This is so because small amounts of waste tend to dissolve in the water, which can be dangerous to young fry.

Angelfish fry can be appropriately raised on a diet of newly hatched brine shrimp. They should be fed 3 to 4 times a day until they grow big enough to consume flake foods such as dried bloodworms.

Once their bodies develop enough to reach a quarter’s size, they are matured enough to be fed with regular food for adult angelfish.


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