Vegetables are fresh edible parts (stem, root, leaves, flowers, fruits, or seeds) of certain herbaceous plants. They are rich in dietary, fiber, and antioxidants. They are a good source of calcium, iron, vitamins and are very low in calories. Vegetables can be eaten raw or be prepared in a certain way. Root vegetables are beets, carrots, sweet potatoes, etc. Stem vegetables include asparagus, kohlrabi, etc. Leafy vegetables include cabbage, celery, lettuce, spinach, etc. Fruit vegetables are okra, eggplant, cucumber, peppers, tomatoes, etc. seed vegetables are peas and beans.
Vegetables can be planted by seed in the field or germinated in a nursery and later transplanted as seedlings to the field. When growing vegetables, insecticides, herbicides, pesticides can control damage by weeds, pests, insects, and diseases.
Homemade Bug Spray For Vegetable Plants
There are different bug spray types used for killing bugs, ants, and different insects that destroy vegetables ranging from pesticides, herbicides, soap spray, garlic spray, and a lot more. The vegetable spray can be made at home with household items.
Ways of making homemade bug spray for vegetable plants are:
For making oil spray, mix one cup of vegetable oil with one tablespoon of soap in a container with a lid, shake very well. When you are ready to spray your plants, take two teaspoons of the mixture and add one quart of water to it, shake very well and spray directly on the surface of the plant. The bugs will suffocate and die because the spray’s oil has covered the pores on the bugs’ bodies, preventing their breathing.
Neem Oil Spray:
This acts as an antifeedant and hormone disruptor on insects. It is very powerful and very effective in disrupting insects’ life cycle at any stage, be it larva, egg, or even adult. It is a great source for organic gardeners. The neem oil can be extracted from the neem tree’s seeds, or it can be store-bought. To make a neem oil spray, mix two teaspoons neem oil and one teaspoon of mild liquid soap with one quart of water in a container with a lid, shake very well and then spray on the plants been affected by bugs. Neem oil can also be used as a preventative measure to deter bugs from infesting vegetables by spraying it on plants before bugs have infested them.
This spray is a kind of combination of recipes of different homemade bug spray. To make this spray, grate one small onion and a small bulb of garlic, add one teaspoon of cayenne pepper and let it infuse for an hour. After an hour, sieve the mixture and add one tablespoon of liquid soap. Mix thoroughly and spray on both sides of the leaves of the plant.
Best Insecticides for Vegetable plants
There are lots of good insecticides available for vegetable plants, but the top best three will be discussed for the sake of this article.
- Monterey LG6135 Garden Insect Spray: this insecticide contains spinosad, an active ingredient that affects the nervous system of insects that consume it, thereby killing them within one or two days. It degrades quickly in the soil and is approved for organic gardening. It is very safe around people and pets. To use this insecticide, mix with water (it comes as a liquid concentrate) according to the instructions given and spray on plants with a sprinkler, backpack, hose-end spray, etc. Note that as it is a concentrated formula, only use the required amount for each application.
2. Garden Safe HG-93179 Neem Oil Extract Concentrate: this insecticide keeps away pests, insects, and diseases away from plants. It contains 70% of Hydrophobic Extract of Neem Oil and 30% of other ingredients. It controls insects and pests such as Whiteflies, Aphids, Budworms, Fruit flies, caterpillars, etc., and can also kill insects’ larva and eggs. This Neem Oil Extract can protect vegetables, flowers, fruits, roses from rust, black spot, and powdery mildew in a day. To use this product, shake it very well before mixing it with warm water. Do not apply this product on the sick plant, newly transplanted seedlings or cuttings, or wilted plants. Also, do not apply sensitive plants such as hibiscus flowers, ornamental olive trees, and fuchsia flowers without testing the product first. Because this product is oil-based, it can cause leaf burn, so be careful when spraying. You can choose to spray plants early in the morning or late in the evening.
3. Bonide (BND857) Pyrethrin Garden Insect Spray: Aphids, Beetles, Leafhoppers, webworms, and other garden insects on vegetables, flowers, ornamental plants, trees have been controlled by this insecticide very fast and effectively. Pyrethrin, one of the active ingredients, is considered one of the best biodegradable insecticides and naturally occurs in Chrysanthemums. It targets insects’ nervous systems and quickly degrades, thereby killing them without leaving any objectionable residue. To use, mix the concentrate in water and apply it with a sprinkler, hand sprayer, or low-pressure sprayer.
Note that if you cannot get these products in your local stores or even in your country, you can get other products that have the active ingredients in the products listed above.
Natural Bug Repellents For Plants Vinegar
When insects bug your plants, you don’t need to use harmful chemicals that are not eco-friendly. Rather, use natural ways to deter bugs from causing harm to your plants. Using vinegar is one of the natural ways of repelling bugs from your plants. Vinegar has many benefits and uses. It is safe to use, it doesn’t harm the environment, and it’s cheap and freely available. It is an eco-friendly organic insecticide, fungicide, pesticide, and herbicide. If used as instructed, vinegar can help give life to your vegetables, fruits, herbs, and flowers by killing garden pests.
To repel insects and pests away from your plants, mix one part of vinegar with three parts of water, then add a few drops of soap or oil. The vinegar’s scent will attract the insects, and the soap or oil will suffocate them. The scent will also repel future insects or pests attacks for a short time.
Organic Pest Control For Garden Vegetables
The concern for traditional pest control methods is increasing because of harmful chemical pesticides and insecticides. Pesticides are not only harmful to the environment but also humans and animals. Exposure to these chemicals causes illness ranging from respiratory disorder to cardiovascular issues.
Nowadays, many gardeners want to turn to safer, more eco-friendly methods of keeping bugs away. Some of the organic methods of keeping pests away are:
- Using insecticidal soap for soft body insects: insecticidal soap can be used when you have aphids, whiteflies, and spider mites infestation. This works by breaking down the protective cuticles of these soft-bodied insects, thereby making them dehydrated and eventually killing them. The insecticidal soap is sprayed directly on the insect’s body in other for it to work effectively but make sure to test it before using it on your plants; otherwise, it might just cause leaf burn. The soaps are usually sold as a concentrate that you will need to dilute with water, and once diluted, it can only be active for a few a day, so you can only mix up one application at a time.
2. Neem oil: this has a strong odor that keeps bugs away from your plants. It is non-toxic to plants, birds, animals, and humans. To use, add neem oil to a dash of liquid soap and some warm water. Stir them slowly, pour into a spray bottle, and use immediately.
3. Salt spray: this is one of the best and most natural ways of making pesticides for your garden plants. The salt spray stops insects from coming close to the plants, increases nutrient absorption like magnesium, and helps plants take up vital nutrients like phosphorus and sulfur. To use, add salt in water and stir well. Pour in a spray bottle and sprinkle on plants and also the base of plants. You can reapply every week.
4. Onion and garlic spray: the strong smell from garlic and onion will deter pests from attacking your vegetables. Just take one medium-sized onion and one clove of garlic and add some water to them. Let it stay a while before adding one teaspoon of cayenne pepper and a dash of liquid soap, then use on plants.
Organic Insecticides Spray
Organic insecticides are organic applications that are non-toxic to humans and the environment. They are used to kill specific insects like snails, wasps, ants, etc., and are applied to plants after insects have begun attacking vegetable garden.
Best Organic Insecticide For Vegetable Garden
These insecticides are best for your garden because they are organic and are safe for you and your environment:
Safer bet and insect killing soap: this insecticide is great for killing insects such as aphids, earwigs, grasshoppers, leafhoppers, mites, Whiteflies, spider mites, etc. One of this insecticide’s great features is that it has no residue impart on your plants and environment.
Ortho home defense insecticide: this is a great insecticide for your vegetable garden that works for up to 12 months. It is odorless and is best for controlling ants, spiders, and cockroaches, both indoor and outdoor.
Bayer suspends insecticide: this product is probably the best product for your garden. This mix can make up to sixty-four gallons of solutions and kills over fifty pests. It has no issue nor residue.
All these are a few of the many insecticides available for purchase at your local store. However, if you do not want store-bought products, you can make yours at home. Some of the homemade organic insecticides are soap spray, vegetable spray, garlic spray, Chile spray, tomatoes leaf spray, etc.
Spraying Plants With Dish Soap
To spray plants with dish soap, it has to be diluted with water. Use mild or pure liquid soap that has fatty acids from vegetable oil and animal fats. Don’t use detergents, dish soap, or any product with degreasers, skin moisturizers, or synthetic chemicals. You can add garlic, oil, or vinegar to the solution. Ensure the water is not hard to avoid soap ineffectiveness and soap scum from building up on your plants. If the water is hard, use bottled water or treat the hard water.
When applying the soapy water, avoid new growth or blooming plants and sensitive plants such as ferns, succulents, ivy, etc. Shake the solution very well to disperse soap throughout the water before spraying. Test the solution on a small part of the plant and wait 24 hours to see whether there will be any burn on the plants before spraying on all the plants. When you notice any burn, spotting, withering, or browning the leaves, dilute the solution again or discontinue use. Make sure plants are watered before spraying and spray early in the morning or evening. Make sure to spray both the leaves’ top and undersides and stem in other to wet all the bugs. Repeat the application every four to seven days until the pests are controlled.
How To Keep Bugs From Eating My Plants
Insects tend to attack unhealthy plants. To keep pests away from your plants, provide enough sunlight, fertile soil, good air circulation, and plenty of water for your plants. When necessary, apply insecticides that will kill insect pests and allow beneficial species like praying mantises, ladybug, and garden spiders to feast on the insect pests.
Homemade Bug Killer For House
There are many homemade remedies for getting bugs out of your house. These includes:
Peppermint oil: peppermint oil has a wonderful smell, and it repels ants, mosquitoes, spiders, and even mice from getting into the house. To use, mix 10-15 drops of peppermint oil in 8oz of water, shake and spray the mixture around doorways, windows, and vents in the house.
Cinnamon oil: to make a diluted 1% solution, mix 24 drops or a quarter teaspoon of the oil for every four ounces of the water. Spray on upholstery in the house, clothing, and around the home.
Vinegar: mix vinegar With water and wash surfaces, countertops, wall, floors, etc., in other to keep ants away from the house.
Borax: mix one cup of borax with half a cup of flour. Carefully sprinkle the clumped solution around the foundation of your house. This turns away ants from your home. Note that borax can be toxic if ingested by pets or people, so do not use this solution if you have young children or small pets.